Zucchini is an annual plant with deep roots, short stem and rough to the touch and limited growth. Its leaves are petiolate with lobed limbs with serrated edges and a variable green color between lighter and darker. Its flowering is monoecious (male flowers and female flowers) and its fruits are peponids of cylindrical / elongated shape and without central cavity. The color of the epidermis of the fruit is variable, and can be green, white, orange or yellow.
Some 600,000 tons are produced in Spain, of which approximately 50% are exported. 65% of the 11,000 hectares cultivated are produced, and most of them are located in the provinces of Almería, Granada and Málaga.
Tends to prefer light / medium textured soils, especially rich in organic matter. It is resistant to medium acidity and tolerates a certain alkalinity of the soil. Within the horticultural crops, the zucchini is relatively tolerant to salinity.
Zucchini is a plant that needs temperatures between 21 and 35ºC to maintain optimal growth. Its vegetative growth increases if the temperature is between 18 and 24ºC.
Zucchini has a greater need for water during the fattening phase of the fruit. As it is a type of plant that fructifies continuously, it is necessary to ensure good irrigation management throughout the fruit fattening phase to obtain higher yields.
The most used varieties are those of green color, such as Black Beautand, Black Jack F1, Presidente F1 and Verde Zenatas; those of yellow color like Dixie, Seneca, Gold Slice F1; and the white ones such as Medium Long White edged, Jedida F1, Opal F1.