Pumpkins are annual plants with deep roots, rough and creeping stems, large and lobed leaves with flowers that can be yellow in the genus Cucurbita or white in the genus Lagenaria. Its fruits are peponids of very diverse shape and size, but generally all have thick seeds and crust wrapped in a defined placenta.
In Spain, the provinces with the highest production are Seville, Murcia and Valladolid. In total, about 4,000 hectares are cultivated and 120,000 tons are produced in total. It is also cultivated in dry land, but great yields are obtained in irrigated land.
They are resistant plants in poor soils and of low quality. They can withstand acidic pH up to 6 and grow without too many problems in soils with low organic matter and moderately alkaline.
Pumpkins have demanding temperature needs, with their optimum temperature between 25-30ºC. The germination temperature of its seeds is between 15-35ºC, the optimum being between 25-20ºC.
Being a deep-rooted plant, squash can grow without the need for extra watering. But to get a maximum productivity it should be watered especially during the fruit fattening phase.
Being a deep-rooted plant, pumkin can grow dry without the need for extra watering. But if you are looking for a maximum productivity, it should be watered especially during the Fattening phrase of the fruit.
In Spain the most used varieties are the Green from Spain, Dulce de Horno, Turban (Cucurbita maxima), Angel Hair and Totanera (Cucurbita moschata).